When grown in the sun, these deciduous trees reach a height of 15 to 20 feet, but when grown in the shade, they grow up to 40 feet. It has glossy dark-green leaves with conspicuous veins. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 6 Varieties of Dogwood for Your Landscape, 6 Varieties of Dogwood to Use In Your Landscape, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World. Like flowering dogwood, this plant is quite susceptible to dogwood anthracnose disease; check with local authorities before planting it, as it may be discouraged. If you’re a beginner baker who’s just starting out (or a master chef looking to declutter), start with this list of baking tool must-haves. Dogwood trees do not usually need much pruning. The oval leaves are about 4 inches long, and the fruits turn cherry red in mid-summer. Mature height generally ranges from 6 to 12 feet. With … As for kousa dogwood, this is the opposite of giant dogwood in terms of size, since its height ranges between 3 and ten feet. Also known as alternate-leaf dogwood, this plant is one of very few dogwoods that have leaves arranged alternately rather than in opposite positions on the stems. Root rots and canker disease can occur when conditions are too moist. A slow-release general-purpose balanced fertilizer with a 16-4-9 ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium is often recommended. A member of the Swida subspecies, the fruit of this plant should not be eaten by humans. This tree can be trained (as any good dog can be!) Get tips for arranging living room furniture in a way that creates a comfortable and welcoming environment and makes the most of your space. The fruits are a popular food for songbirds. The main differences between the different garden forms of these shrubs are in twig color, and size. Its leaves are elliptical to oval in shape, and dull white flowers in late spring give way to the toxic blue-black fruit in August. Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. Water the roots thoroughly and the surrounding ground moderately with the sprinkler attachment of a garden hose. 12. feet. Read on for additional silky dogwood information. Shrub dogwoods range from red osier and tatarian dogwood (the winter superstars that sport brightly colored stems) to silky dogwood and kousa dogwood that are grown for their striking flowers and outstanding fall color. This species and the Pacific dogwood are prone to dogwood anthracnose, which can be controlled by pruning away affected branches. Many species have edible fruit, though not all actually taste good. Height: 8 to . The dark-green leaves are lance-shaped and turn purplish-red in the fall. Roughleaf Dogwood. Plant Type: Trees. Also known as Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, or Japanese dogwood, the Kousa dogwood is a small deciduous tree or multi-stemmed shrub. If you see the flowers of these magnificent white flowering dogwood trees it is not too surprising that these plants are so popular among gardeners. Dogwood Description. Spread: 6 to . The branches form in layers and the crown is flat, suggestive of a pagoda. Tatarian dogwood is adaptable to most planting sites. All Rights Reserved. Clemson Cooperative Extension has a root ball sizing table available online. The stems become green again in the spring. They certainly can but follow a few tips from this article on how and when to move a dogwood tree. Prized for its colorful stems, variegated foliage, and compact size, this dwarf dogwood has brilliant red winter stems and showy, light green leaves with creamy white margins, but at only two-thirds the size of many of its species. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. All are handsome garden plants that bring a real lift to the lowest season the year – winter. The various common names for this plant will help you identify it. Spot anthracnose, septoria leaf spot, and powdery mildew are all common conditions that may affect the leaves of dogwoods. It grows 6 feet tall and wide. Its flowers are white, although they slowly but surely turn into pink, while its leaves take a rather purplish red color in the fall, right before they start falling off. Learn all you need to know about pruning shrubs here. It is rarely planted in landscapes, except in mountainous alpine gardens. Also known as bunchberry, dwarf cornel, or bog bunchberry, this is a common plant in arctic, tundra-type terrain. We'll show you the top 10 most popular house styles, including Cape Cod, country French, Colonial, Victorian, Tudor, Craftsman, cottage, Mediterranean, ranch, and contemporary. This item Cornus alba 'Ivory Halo' (Varigated Dogwood) Shrub, white flowers with varigated foliage, #3 - Size Container Shrub Frostproof Gardenia 2.5 Qt, White Blooms Rhododendron X 'PJM Elite' (Rhododendron) Evergreen, lavender pink flowers, #2 - Size Container We reach for them after school and after dinner. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. Dogwoods include a large group of flowering woody trees and shrubs within the genus Cornus. Tree width equals or exceeds the height. In early spring cut back about one-third of the oldest, most faded stems. All dogwood shrubs love moist, rich soil. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Each of these dogwood species may be available in different cultivars that offer unique features, such as dwarf size, variegated leaf color, or unusual bark or stem color. Depending on what's growing in your garden, there's a lot you can do to get your ornamental plants ready for the colder months. Cornus drummondii. Fall color is an attractive burgundy-red or purple. Plants may be taller than the height minimums. Bare root plants are sold by height from the top of the root system to the top of the plant. You may want to avoid planting where anthracnose is known to be a problem. The flowers of shrub dogwoods are found in clusters of tiny white blossoms, rather than the big bold blooms of the tree species. It bears white springtime flowers and purple fruits in summer and fall. The Dwarf Dogwood "Poncho" is a Japanese Dogwood that only grows to 8-10 ft., unlike an American Dogwood, which can reach heights of 25 ft. White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans. This is a good specimen tree for a location with acidic soil and afternoon shade. Height: 8 to . From spring to early summer, … While both shrubs and the trees belong to the same genus: Cornus, the shrubs will never become trees.There are two species of dogwood shrubs: Cornus alba, which is the Tatarian dogwood, and Cornus sericea, which is the Redosier dogwood.Both species are much alike in their cultural needs. Look for this species to have new bark that is orange-brown each year. Dogwood shrubs, such as red twig dogwoods, are not to be confused with dogwood trees. Spores are spread by wind to surrounding dogwoo… Zones 4-8, Cornus racemosa is an upright North American native shrub with reddish-brown bark that matures to gray. 15. feet. Different Kinds of Dogwood Shrubs for the Garden. Even without manually shaping the tree, a dogwood will usually maintain a nice shape. The size of the root ball varies dependent on the size of the tree. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. White “flowers” show their beauty in spring, foliage turns a vibrant red-purple in fall, and glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds for the enjoyment of all. Better Homes & Gardens may receive compensation when you click through and purchase from links contained on This is generally a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub, though it can take the form of a small tree with proper pruning. Grow dogwood shrubs in full sun or part shade and moist soil. If there is a chance of human consumption or contact, always check out the species before planting it. A popular choice is red twig dogwood, which grows no more than 3 to 4 feet tall and wide. The white flowers give way to red fruits in late summer, which are edible for humans. Arctic Fire ® Red dogwood has beautiful red stems and a compact habit and is at its in the winter sunlight. They're essential to holidays and casual gatherings. In late spring, abundant clusters of slightly fragrant flowers attract butterflies. Fall color is not very showy. It grows 10-15 feet tall and wide. Water the shrubs well after planting and spread a 2-inch-thick layer of mulch over the root zone to prevent soil-moisture loss. Dogwood trees grow quickly, with a fast rate of over a foot a year. It is a member of the subgenera Chamaepericlymenum and is a very low growing plant that spreads by rhizomes. Plant dogwood shrubs in spring or early summer. 'Elegantissima' red twig dogwood. Foliage: Here's how to tell the differences between each architectural style. Zones 3-7, Cornus sericea 'Isanti' forms a dense, compact shrub of red stems. It grows 6 feet tall and wide. Apply the mulch of your choice such as bark chips 3 to 4 inches deep over roots to hold in moisture. The 10 Most Popular House Styles Explained, A Whole-House Cleaning Schedule You'll Actually Stick To, Call Your Stylist: These Hair Colors Will Be Everywhere This Spring, 7 Small But Impactful Ways to Fit Self-Care Into Your Day Right Now, Luna, Bella & Lily Top This Year's List of Most Popular Cat Names. The Poncho Dogwood may be small, but it is mighty. These tips will help you make time for self-care for a mental health boost every day. It may also form colonies in your yard via suckers. Stiff dogwood (also known as swamp dogwood) is a large shrub or small tree. into a nice specimen small tree, or left as a multi-stemmed shrub. This species produces yellow flowers that bloom in early spring before the leaves appear. It prefers shade and grows 15 feet tall and wide. Dogwoods are also known for their opposite branching, a characteristic that can be helpful for identifying them. Rough-leaved dogwood is an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small, spreading tree. Our Thanksgiving planning guide is here to save your holiday! Dwarf dogwood, also known as red-tipped dogwood, is a small compact, mounded shrub reaching 2 to 3 feet high and 3 to 4 feet wide. Use a fertilizer that is designed to acidify the soil. Also known as northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood is a deciduous shrub that forms thickets as the underground rhizomes spread. Most flowering dogwood trees develop into broad, spreading plants with layered branching. The cornelian cherry (also known as European cornel) is a large shrub or small tree that is one of the earliest woody plants to flower each year. You can harvest the fruit of this tree once it has ripened and fallen to the ground, and use it to make liquors, jams, desserts, pickles, and sauces. Note: You should NOT eat the fruit of this plant, as it is considered mildly toxic. Young plants may have attractive red stems, but this sometimes fades to dull green in mature plants. Spread: 6 to . © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. After pollination, they produce a type of fruit known as a drupe. Red twig dogwood shrubs should be planted somewhere in your yard where they can be easily viewed from a window, to take advantage of their status as top-notch specimen plants for winter landscapes. You will likely need to prune common dogwood yearly (or perhaps even more) to keep it in check, as it can spread. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' features gray-green leaves edged in … This is another Cornus species that may do well in your shadier spots, though there will be more flowers and fruit if it is planted in a location that receives full sunlight. The Canadian bunchberry (also known simply as bunchberry or dwarf cornel) is one of two subshrubs in this group. Fall foliage color is red to purple. This winter front door display is layered with holiday cheer. Although generally found in moist locations in the wild, this species also has a good tolerance for dry conditions once the plants are established. Remove damaged or dead stems at the same time. The wood is also popular in carving and other forms of woodworking. Size. This shrub has tan or gray bark that has a mottled, exfoliating texture that can be quite attractive in winter. The cultivar 'Argentea' is a beautiful variegated variety. The white spring flowers are followed by white fruit in summer. Zones 4-8, Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' has variegated leaves, white berries, stunning fall color, and showy red stems in winter. Some people also report skin rashes from contact with the leaves and bark of dogwoods. Infected leaves exhibit marginal leaf scorch, dead patches, reddish discoloration, yellowing and premature defoliation. In the home landscape, silky dogwood bushes work well in moist, naturalized areas and do a good job at stabilizing the soil in erosion-prone sites. Pacific Dogwood (Cornus Nuttallii) Pacific dogwoods are native to the west coast of North America. Dogwood shrubs should not be missing in your garden. Building your essential baking toolbox starts here! Dogwoods are frequently used as flowering specimen shrubs and trees in the landscape. It is often considered the western version of the flowering dogwood, but with this plant, the white flowers are quite large and the fall color is yellow, orange, or red. New growth is covered with a fine, white, powdery coating, typically on the upper surfaces of the leaves. this website. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Some species even have colorful stems that offer winter appeal. This medium-sized shrub, also known as red osier dogwood, will stand out in your landscape with stems that start turning red at the end of summer or beginning of fall. For those who already own these tools, this list may finally provide the motivation you need to toss that never-been-used soufflé dish. It can be used as an accent, specimen or key plant, and in … Cleaning your home doesn't have to be a daunting, time-consuming chore. Homemade cookies are always a welcome treat. Popular sizes of select trees are 1 foot, 2 feet, 3 feet, etc. Yellowish white flowers are followed by small blue berries. Powdery Mildew: Erysiphe pulchra (formerly Microsphaera pulchra) is the fungus that attacks leaf surfaces and tender shoots and causes powdery mildew. Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. Use to provide multi-season interest in shrub borders, mass plantings, or as a low hedge. BH&G is part of the Meredith Home Group. Popular Varieties of Dogwood Shrubs Grab a glass of milk because we're about to dunk peanut butter cookies, oatmeal-raisin cookies, snickerdoodle cookies, and many more of our all-time favorite cookie recipes. New leaves emerge purplish-red leaf and leaf tips remain red as the rest of leaf matures to green. 15. feet. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. Fall foliage is sometimes an attractive red-purple. It produces an abundant display of yellowish-green flowers in spring and pinkish-red berries in summer. Hosting Thanksgiving dinner for the first time or need a quick refresher? Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. Fertilize your dogwood bush in the spring and fall. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' features gray-green leaves edged in white open on red stems. In late summer, younger stems will start to turn from green to red or yellow-green. The erect flowering stems are generally 4-8 inches tall. Feel the coarse hairs found on the leaves in this species and you will see why this is named the rough leaf dogwood. When the pruned dogwood shrub emerges from dormancy in the spring, you'll see an increased number of colorful stems appearing as a result. Dogwood trees are a favorite ornamental tree of homeowners — thanks to their modest size and four-season appeal. The best growing zones for this perennial shrub are 2 through 9. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Several species native to North American produce flowers for local pollinators and berries for wildlife. Staying atop of your wellbeing is a must, especially during uncertain, stressful times. A few species, however, have leaves that alternate on the stems. Don't let the miniature size fool you. Although many are drought to… Your kitty deserves a name as special as she is. Seasonally, Nature Hills offers hand selected, high quality bare root trees, shrubs and perennials. Deciduous. Fall color is purplish to red. Dogwood shrubs let you enjoy many of the characteristics of dogwood trees on a smaller scale. In spring, it produces a heavenly array of star-like blooms. Also known a swamp dogwood, silky dogwood is a mid-size shrub that grows wild along streams, ponds and other wetlands across much of the eastern half of the United States. The key to managing household duties quickly and efficiently is to design an easy-to-follow routine that includes all the most important tasks. The genus also includes some species that are best described as subshrubs—fast-growing woody plants that tend to die back in winter to ground level and grow back from buds near the base of the plant. Garden Glow Dogwood, Cornus hesseyii 'Garden Glow', is a deciduous shrub with ornamental features. Many dogwood shrubs grow well in soil that is wet for short periods during the growing season, which makes them suitable for rain gardens and low spots in the landscape. We've got the low-down on how to make sure everything from your perennials to your roses are ready when the snow flies. The small fruits are bright orange or red. It would look amazing planted en masse in a location where some winter color would be valued. As the bark ages, it fades to gray. Add dogwood shrubs to a mixed shrub border or a perennial planting. The small white flowers appear in clusters called cymes, and have an unpleasant odor. We’ll help you set up a baking kit for beginners with 21 essential tools. Bare stems create an attractive winter accent, and are a wonderful addition to seasonal flower arrangements. With just two weeks until turkey day, the latest information could affect your plans. The mountain dogwood (sometimes known as Pacific dogwood) is a medium-sized deciduous tree that has an excellent tolerance for shady locations and dry, drought conditions. Well-balanced soils may not require any fertilizing at all; however, where soils are lacking in nutrients, use a slow-release fertilizer with the correct balance for dogwoods. Choose the Size. When conditions are not ideal, they can be susceptible to a large range of bacterial and fungal problems. … Dogwood trees are widely known for their delicate beauty, and the kousa variety adds a toughness that makes this species an excellent choice for home landscapes and urban areas. Zones 2-8, This variety of Cornus alternifolia offers gold-edge leaves. While many dogwoods produce fruit that can be used in cooking, a few species have berries that are mildly toxic to people, although birds can eat them safely. Scientific Name: Cornus alba Mature Size: Up to 10 feet tall USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-7 Light: Full sun to partial shade Water: Average moisture needs Soil: Well-draining Flower Color: White Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian Dogwood, Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'-Black Stem Dogwood, Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’-White Dogwood Water plants regularly during the first growing season to promote a strong root system. But they perform their best when planted in moist, fertile soil; and in a location with dappled light. It grows 10 feet tall and wide. With either a single short trunk, or several main stems of equal sizes, mature trees are usually at least as broad as they are tall, and often wider. Lower branches should be pruned away to enhance the appearance of the bark. And once you know some facts about dogwoods, growing and nurturing these handsome trees is a breeze. These plants are known for providing year-round interest, from early spring flowers to summer berries to brilliant fall color. Silky dogwood (Cornus amomum) is named for the silky gray hairs that cover the undersid… This dwarf variety reaches just 3-5' feet rather than the 8-10' of conventional red-twig dogwood. For optimal display, it is advisable to grow them against a wall that receives ample sunlight from the south or west in winter. This adorable dogwood makes the perfect addition to pathways, outdoor seating areas and smaller landscapes. See how you can personalize your home's entrance with holiday front door decorations, including evergreen wreaths, garlands, pinecones, and pops of plaid. The red twig dogwood plant, also known as the Cornus sericea is a shrub that truly is at its best during the winter months. With species that are native to Asia, Europe, and North America, as well as dozens of cultivars, you'll have no problem choosing a dogwood suited to your purpose. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Mid-size Shrub A dogwood shrub is a good choice to use as a border plant to decorate the perimeter of a home, along a fence or a property line. They are known for having colorful fall foliage and brightly colored stems that light up the garden in winter. Also known as bloodtwig dogwood or European dogwood, this species is an upright deciduous shrub with multiple stems. Size. Avoid over-fertilizing your dogwood plants, as it can cause the leaves to burn or can even kill the plant. See which names were most popular this year! Dogwoods are among the best trees and shrubs for providing year-round interest—from early spring flowers to red summer berries to brilliant fall colors. Dogwood trees are flowering trees that reach a height range of 15 to 40 feet. It grows best in moist spots and is often found in boggy areas. Its smaller size makes this variety a great breakthrough for smaller gardens or residential landscapes. That's because young woody stems produce bright red, yellow, or orange-red winter color. Tatarian dogwood is used as a border, mass, screen or specimen plant in landscapes. A tree planted this year will reach full-size in about a decade. May be difficult to find in nurseries. Deep brunettes, sandy blondes, and bold reds are in this year. Use them in combination with yellow twig dogwoods for an even more stunning winter display. Zones 2–8, This Cornus alba selection is a compact shrub featuring white-edge medium green leaves and bright red twigs. Do not plant in full shade. Dogwood shrubs don't require frequent pruning, but you can intensify winter stem color by removing older canes regularly. However, most dogwood shrubs are grown as much (or more) for their fall and winter appearance, rather than the spring flower display. Sprinkle the fertilizer around the roots and perimeter of the dogwood shrub with a small plastic scoop. Size. 15. The shrub reaches a height of between 6 and 8 feet. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that blooms with white, pink, or red flowers in early spring; it is the state tree of North Carolina. Current year's growth features outstanding coral-red branches on a multi-stemmed shrub. The dark green leaves evolve through red and orange color before becoming purple in the fall. Thanksgiving Countdown: A Stress-Free Guide to Hosting for the First Time, 23 of Our Test Kitchen's Best Cookie Recipes of All Time, Conquer Holiday Cooking with This Meat Roasting Guide, The CDC Just Updated Its Thanksgiving Safety Guidelines—Here's What You Need To Know, 5 Simple Ways to Prepare Your Garden for Winter, 21 Essential Baking Tools Every Home Cook Needs (Plus 16 That Are Nice to Have), 9 Ways to Decorate Your Front Door for the Holidays, What Style Is Your House? Follow these step-by-step instructions for creating a customized whole-home cleaning schedule. You can identify a dogwood by looking for smooth-edged leaves with veins that curve parallel to the margins (edges). The form of dwarf dogwoods inflorescence, leaf shape and leaf venation are very similar to its relative, the flowering dogwood tree. The Swedish cornel is another subshrub that has dark purple flowers and white bracts. The Flowering dogwood tree or the red twig dogwood are some of the most beautiful and easy growing shrubs you can grow. Each subsequent spring cut back another third of the stems. When purchasing plants, read the plant tag to ensure your growing location matches the plant's moisture requirements. Here are the different types of dogwood species to help you choose what's right for your yard. An excellent landscape choice for all four seasons, the white dogwood is a favorite in many yards and gardens. You could also plant several as a hedge along your property line or … The tree also makes a visual contribution year-round. Scale insects and dogwood borers are the most common insect pests affecting dogwoods. With so many types of house styles, narrowing the list down to your favorite can be overwhelming. The mature black fruit are a favorite of birds. Flower color: White is the usual color of the dogwood’s petal-like bracts, but some are pink or even pale red, such as C. florida ‘Rubra’. Can dogwood trees be transplanted? Leaves are opposite, simple, 1–5 inches long, ½–2½ inches wide, conspicuously veined, lacking teeth, egg- to lance-shaped; upper surface olive green and rather rough-hairy above; lower surface paler with woolly, dense hairs; leaf stalk slender, rough-hairy, green to reddish. The fruits on this shrub are a brilliant shade of blue. The whitish flowers are not very significant, but the white drupe/berries are attractive to birds. 12. feet. Dogwood trees are dependent on surface moisture because root networks don't penetrate to water reserves that may lie deeper beneath the slightly acidic well-draining soil they prefer. Flowers may or may not feature large bracts like those of the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Whether it's a tried-and-true 1940s BH&G cookie recipe or a unique twist on sugar cookies, our Test Kitchen's compiled a lot of favorite cookie recipes over the years. Zones 2-8. As time goes on, the shade keeps brightening until it becomes very red in winter, providing a perfect contrast to a snowy or bare landscape. All the times and temperatures you need to know to roast turkey, chicken, beef, and pork for your feast. Height: 8 to . When many people think of dogwoods, this is the plant they envision. Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas) The cornelian cherry (also known as European cornel) is a large … Silky and red osier dogwoods are especially tolerant of consistently moist soil. Red winter stems of 'Cardinal' (Cornus sericea) is a shrub native to Minnesota with colorful red or yellow winter bark that provides great winter interest.As a landscape plant, redosier dogwood is extremely versatile. Manual shaping can be done if desired, though.

dogwood shrub size

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